Video gambling terminals (VGTs) inside Illinois bars and eateries where liquor is served delivered $296 million in tax revenue to state coffers during the most recent fiscal year.
That outpaces the state’s 10 riverboat casinos, which generated just $270 million for the Springfield capital.
It’s the first time VGTs have produced more income for the state since the machines were authorized five years ago. The financial statistics were released this week by the Illinois Commission on Government Forecasting and Accountability.
Any establishment licensed to serve alcohol for on-site consumption located in a municipality where video gambling machines are permitted can house up to five VGTs. Notably, the City of Chicago doesn’t participate in allowing bars and restaurants to incorporate the wagering devices.
The gambling expansion has unquestionably hurt riverboats. In the 2012 fiscal year, the final period before VGTs spread across the state, casinos sent tax checks to the state totaling $340 million.
“The market is oversaturated and revenues are just shifting from one spot to another,” Illinois Casino Gaming Association Executive Director Tom Swoik told the Daily Herald. Swoik’s organization lobbies the state legislature on behalf of five member riverboat casinos.
State Proceeds Increase
Despite receiving less money from riverboats, state coffers took in the most money in wagering taxes in a decade. Illinois collected $1.31 billion in gaming taxes, up 7.9 percent on 2016. It marks the highest take since 2007 when the state received $1.37 billion.
The Illinois Lottery represents the largest haul, responsible for $738 million in 2017. Illinois is one of just four states that allows its lottery to sell tickets online.
Horse racing accounted for just $6 million of Illinois’ $1.31 billion gaming payload.
As tax proceeds dropped after the US recession due to fewer players visiting riverboats and less lottery tickets being sold, state lawmakers expanded VGTs to liquor businesses in hopes of finding new income sources. It worked.
Video gambling taxes have increased each year. More terminals are added to new locations each month, continuing to send handles upward. Since 2014 through 2017, taxes from VGTs have surged 160 percent.
Everyone Wins, Except Casinos
Establishments pay the state an annual video gambling machine license fee of just $100. In exchange, they get to keep 35 percent of each terminal’s revenue. Machine operators, which pay the state $5,000 a year in licensing fees, keep the same amount, while the state collects 25 percent, and the local government gets five percent.
The losers, of course, are the casinos, as millions of Illini no longer have to travel to a riverboat to find a slot machine to enjoy.
Similar in both size and population, lawmakers in Pennsylvania are currently considering authorizing video gambling machines in order to make up a $2.2 billion budget funding gap. The state’s 12 land-based casinos are watching closely, as allowing bars and restaurants to place slot machines inside their businesses will presumably impact their bottom lines negatively, as it’s doing in Illinois.